Wednesday, February 1, 2012

How to Make 1.5 Million In 4 Months Planting Or Selling (moringa Oleifera)

The moringa plant (Moringa oleifera) is known worldwide for its nutritional and medicinal benefits and industrial uses. 
Almost every part of the moringa plant has nutritional value. The pod is cooked as a vegetable in India and exported to many countries for Indian expatriates, fresh or canned. The root can be used as substitute for horseradish. Foliage is eaten as greens, boiled, fried, in soups or for seasoning.
Dried leaf powder can be added to any kind of meal as a nutritional supplement.
The seed can be roasted and eaten like a peanut. The seeds can be used as a flocculent to clarify water and as a source of a non-drying and very stable oil, known as Ben oil.
This oil, which was once used for lubricating watches and other delicate machinery, is clear, sweet and odourless, almost never going rancid. It is edible and it is becoming increasingly popular in the cosmetics industry. Leaves and young branches are used as fodder.

Moringa may also be used in fish and poultry feeds. Moringa young plants are available at HighHill Moringa Farm at N350 per stand or call 018435511 or 08065220074. Also a detailed feasibility study is also available.

Processing should start immediately after harvesting and transporting the leaves to the processing point.

1. Stripping the leaflets
Strip all the leaflets from the leaf petiole. This can be done directly from the branches if the leaves have not been stripped off the main branch before transportation. At this stage, diseased and damaged leaves are discarded.

2. Washing
Wash leaflets in troughs using clean potable water to remove dirt. Wash leaves again in 1% saline solution for 3-5 minutes to remove microbes. Finally wash again in clean water. Leaves are now ready for drying. Drain each trough after each wash: fresh leaves must always be washed with fresh water.

3. Draining
Strain water from the leaves in buckets that have been perforated, spread leaflets on trays made with food-grade mesh and leave to drain for 15 minutes before taking them to the dryer.


There are three main methods for drying moringa leaves.

Room drying
Spread the leaflets thinly on mesh tied on racks (mosquito net mesh can be used) in a well-ventilated room. This room should be insect, rodent and dust proof. Air circulation can be improved by using ceiling and floor level vents protected with a clean filter to keep the sun and dust out. It is possible to use a fan, but the air must not be directly oriented towards the leaves, as it can increase contamination with germs in the air. It is advisable to turn the leaves over at least once, with sterile gloves, to improve uniformed drying. Leaves should be completely dry within a maximum of 4 days. The loading density should not exceed 1 kg/m2. However, room-dried leaves cannot be mould-free guaranteed with the maximum recommended moisture content of 10 per cent. Therefore, we do not advise this method.

Solar drying
Spread the leaves thinly on mesh and dry in the dryer for about 4 hours (Temperature range is 35°C–55°C on a very sunny day). The final product should be very brittle. We recommend solar drying for both small and large scale processing, particularly for those in rural communities where there is no electricity. Loading density should not exceed 2 kg/m2.

Mechanical drying

Use electric or gas hot-air dryers. Drying temperatures should range between 50°C and 55°C. If temperature exceeds 55°C, leaves will “burn” and turn brown. Leaves should be dried until their moisture content is below 10%. We recommend this method for large scale leaf processing as this ensures year round production. Loading density should not exceed 2.5 kg/m2.

5. Milling
Mill dry leaves using a stainless steel hammer mill. For personal or household use, leaves can be pounded in a mortar, or milled with a kitchen blender. Small-scale processors can use a burr mill or rent a commercial hammer mill for routine milling of their products.

6. Sieving
Sieve the leaf powder if need be. When you mill with a hammer mill, the fineness of the product will depend on the size of the screen used in milling. If too coarse, sift using a sifter with the desired screen size.

Moringa leaf powder can easily be contaminated by moulds as it strongly attracts moisture.

Income from moringa powder production:
Planting: 200 plants per plot.  3,000 stands per hectare.
At four months, one tree can yield 1 kilogram of moringa powder. A kilogram of moringa powder is between N5,000 – N7,500.
Expected income form I hectare: N5, 000 X 3,000Moringa stands =N1, 500,000.

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